People have long been fascinated and amazed at the remnants of cultures from long ago. Egyptian artifacts are tantalizingly difficult for modern day scientists to fully understand, and this juxtaposition of ancient artifacts, some of which date back thousands of years, alongside our advanced technological equipment (which fails to answer how they achieved the amazing feats we see scattered across the desert) only adds to the mysterious nature of it all.
Here are just a few of the unanswered questions regarding the marvelous remnants of ancient Egypt.
How where the pyramids built?
How where they built in such a short time span?
How where the stone blocks placed with such precision?
These are some of the most basic observations concerning the mysterious nature of the great pyramids. Engineers and Architects the world over fail to explain how such an enormous structure could be erected with precision that can rarely be duplicated even with the use of modern day technology.
The Egyptian pyramids at Giza were built during the third millennium BC, and have long been believed to be primarily built as Tombs for the Pharaohs. Generally, the ages are known from records of the reign of each successive ‘king’. Estimates of their actual ages have previously been accurate only to the nearest century.
The tombs are aligned north-south with an accuracy of up to 0.05 degrees. How the Egyptians did this has remained unclear. Today, you could align a building north-south by pointing the sides towards the pole star, which sits roughly at true north. However, a wobble in the Earth’s axis of rotation (called precession), means that the positions of the stars changes gradually over time.
In the third millennium BC, no star sat at the North pole. Instead, all the stars in the North sky rotated around an imaginary point marking the North pole.
Experts thought the ancient Egyptians might have watched a single star circle this imaginary point and aligned their pyramid with the circle’s centre. Source;https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn174-pyramid-precision/
Then there is still of course the simple question as to how the stone blocks where cut and transported over such distances, and eventually elevated and placed atop one another. While many have devised methods that can explain how such tasks could be completed, no one has yet to explain how fast they would need to be accomplished.
“It’s 756 feet long on each side, 450 feet high and is composed of 2,300,000 blocks of stone, each averaging 2 1/2 tons in weight. Despite the makers’ limited surveying tools, no side is more than 8 inches different in length than another, and the whole structure is perfectly oriented to the points of the compass. Even in the 19th century, it was the tallest building in the world and, at the age of 4,500 years, it is the only one of the famous “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World” that still stands. Even today it remains the most massive building on Earth. It is the Great Pyramid of Khufu, at Giza, Egypt.
Some of the earliest history of the Pyramid comes from a Greek the historian and traveler Herodotus of Halicarnassus. He visited Egypt around 450 BC and included a description of the Great Pyramid in a history book he wrote. Herodotus was told by his Egyptian guides that it took twenty years for a force of 100,000 oppressed slaves to build the pyramid (with another 10 years to build a stone causeway that connected it to a temple in the valley below). Stones were lifted into position by the use of immense machines. The purpose of the structure, according to Herodotus’s sources, was as a tomb for the Pharaoh Khufu (whom the Greeks referred to as Cheops). Source;http://www.unmuseum.org/kpyramid.htm
This official explanation is difficult to grasp once the time frame is understood. Simply put, if it only took twenty years than each one of the 2.3 million stone blocks would have to be mined, transported, and placed in less than five minutes. There is absolutely no way this is possible, hence the ongoing mystery.
The harder we look at he Egyptian artifacts the more questions arise. More theories are introduced as our imaginations reel at the vast accomplishments of this marvelous culture of old. Personally, I hope we never truly understand. After all, isn’t it a little mystery that sparks the imagination and propels us beyond mere understanding into innovation and invention? In trying to solve the mysteries and the problems we face we dig deeper and deeper looking for answers, therefore if we already had the answers we would have no need for advancement. I encourage all of you to explore the rich history of Egypt and all its mysterious glory.